Mendoza, known as "the land of sunshine and good wines" is the most important city in the west of Argentina. It is located at the foothills of the Andes mountain range. Its glaciers are the essential irrigation source of the vineyards, which due to the proximity to the rivers form different oasis.

Mendoza is divided into regions according to their climate.

Northern Region

Altitudes range from 600 to 700 meters above sea level. The Departments of Luján de Cuyo and Maipú form part of a traditional wine-producing region known as the "prime zone" of the Argentine wines. This designation results from the prestigious labels coming from this area, historically regarded as being among the best in Argentine wine production.

Luján de Cuyo has its own DOC, and the altitude of this region range from 1.067 to 860 meters. Malbec is the most characteristic variety in the region. This grape is used to produce a wine that is emblematic of the region, the province and the country. Other varieties with well defined personalities like Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling and Viognier have been equally successful in the region.

Mendoza’s "prime zone" and the Uco valley are two of the most interesting regions for the foreign investors who have been continuously operating in the country since 1990.

Central Region

Well inside the first mountainsides of the Andes’ foothills, the Uco valley presents the highest altitudes at which wines are produced in the province of Mendoza: up to 1,400 meters above sea level. The reasons why this region is so coveted are its thermal amplitude and high solar radiation levels. The combination of these factors results in slow and balanced ripening cycles. Thus, both white and red varieties give forth their primary varietal bouquets. Particularly, in the case of the red varieties, the tannins and color become fixed in the grape’s skin, thus giving the wines intensity and structure. The best wines are produced from grape varieties that have short ripening cycles, especially Chardonnay, Semillon, Merlot, and Pinot Noir. This also applies, in some cases, to Malbec and Tempranillo.

Eastern Region

Mendoza’s Eastern region is a true wine-producing power considering its vine-planted area and the quantity of wineries concentrated there. Altitudes range from 750 to 640 meters, and the different zones in this area are substantially distinct in terms of climate, soil and thermal amplitude. All grape varieties grown in Argentina can be found in Mendoza’s eastern region, although Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin, Torrontés, and Viognier stand out among the white varieties; and Sangiovese, Syrah, Bonarda, Malbec, Merlot, Barbera, and Tempranillo are the preferred red ones. We should stress the excellent conditions this region presents for the production of punch and sweet wines (late vintage, fortified wines), which is already underway thanks to the innovative style of the area’s wineries.

Southern Region

Going South along Route 40, southbound, we find the City of San Rafael. This city and its surroundings are the last wine producing oasis in the Province of Mendoza. The maximum altitude on this slope is 750 meters in Las Paredes, going down to 485 meters in General Alvear. The Denomination of Origin (DOC) San Rafael, issued in 1993, includes the Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Chenin, Tocai Friulano, Semillon, Torrontés, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Malbec, Syrah, Barbera D’Asti, and Bonarda varieties which, in turn, form the basis of this region’s wines.


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